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The wellsprings of music.



The wellsprings of music.


Type de document


Date de parution


Origine géographique



fr Anglais


fr Reprint of the 1962 ed. published by M. Nijhoff, The Hague

Editor's preface (Jaap Kunst, Irene Sachs)

Chapter one. Thoughts and methods
I. Preliminaries
II. The advent of the ethnomusicologist
Theology and humanism as fundaments of earlier education - early music histories : Martini Hawkins, Burney, Laborde, Forkel, Krause, Fétis, Hullah, Ambros - early non-historical sources : Rousseau and the romantics, Villotteau, Jones, doctoral theses - beginnings of modern method with Ellis, Edison and Fewkes-Gilman-Stumpf - phonographic archives - change of name from comparative musicology to ethnomusicology.
III. The ethnomusicologist's workshop
Field work - phonograph, gramophone, tape - tone measurements - acoustical devices forks, Tonmesser, tonometer, monochord - visual devices : oscilloscope, photophonography, stoboscope, electronic counter - editing - transcribing - logarithms and cents - savarts - Reiner's music rule - notation.
IV. The question of origin
Theories - tone languages - mouth music - drum languages etc. - absence of singing - prehistory - radio carbon method of dating - fluorine method - stone and metal ages - anthropology - culture changes - the "savages" - primitive and non-literate man - scriptless society and folk music - monogenism and polygenism - Kulturkreislehre - "races".

Chapter two. Early music
V. The oldest music : tumbling strains
Major and minor - tumbling strains or stair melodies - high and low - domestication - triadic and tartaric octaves.
VI. The oldest music : one-step melodies
Terminology - sharping the pitch - affixes and infixes - tatrachords - bare fifths and sixths - pathogenic and logogenic - meaningless syllables - burdens - glossolalia - repetitive style - flexa - ontological remarks - imitation and dramatization - animal dirges or epikkedia.
VII. Conservatism and magic
Paleolithic survivals - the fight of music and poetry - strict tradition - magic - charms against sickness, death and dearth - mana - unnatural singing - kazoos.
VIII. Vocal mannerisms
Von Hornbostel's and Merriam's descriptions - European, Asiatic, Australian, Polynesian, Melanesian, African styles - quilisma, pressus, mlica - tessitura - proposed terminology - tempo and intensity - sense and value - aesthetical aspects.
IX. Instruments
Literature - extensions - other rudiments - male and female - cosmology - connotations of the flute - of stinged instruments and jaw's harp - conflicting connotations - bull roarer - gourd rattle - on the way to melody - finger holes - foot and inches - Blasquintentheorie - tuning of strings - isotonic - tuning of xylophones - East African and Indonesian parallels - chimes - the lithophones of the Musée de l'Homme - panoramic view - Europe and Africa - early instrumental music - zanza.
X. Rhythm and form
General notions - rhythmic patterns - quintary rhythm - downbeat and upbeat - metric alteration - meter and time - additive meters - "fascinating rhythm" - art and folk music - cycles - strictness and freedom - overall patterns - isorhythm - panoramic view - form - repetition - stimulus and narcotic medieval parallels : lai, estampie, lied, rondeau - antiphony and response - variation - zanza cylclic forms.

Chapter three. On the way
Growth, personality, art
Culture changes - musical criticism - musical contests - individualism and art - copyright.

Chapter four. The fate of secondal and tertian patterns
The widening nucleus - "triadic and fanfare melodies" - tonal anatomy and physiology - chains - double, triple, quadruple, quintuple and sextuple thirds - skeletons and infixes - pentatonism and heptatonism - German chorale dialect - Landino third - four-line notation - six-five patterns - triadic octaves.

Chapter five. The fate of quartal and quintal patterns
Disjunction and conjunction - quartile chains - chains of fifths - hybrids - modulation - culture chance once more.

Chapter six. Centric melodies
Gregorian tenor melodies - the concept of mesè

Chapter seven. Polyphony

Chapter eight. Cross- or polyrhythm

Chapter nine. Professional music and musical systems

Chapter ten. "Progress" ?

A note on Bibliography
Index of names


Da Capo Press


fr Dépôt Pierre Bois


fr 14x21,5 cm

Nbre de pages



fr 0-306-80073-X



fr Noir et Blanc